The States and the Ratification Process


The table below serves as a quick reference for the essential details on each state’s ratification of the Constitution. Further details can be found on individual state pages.

 State  Convention  Ratification    Vote  Map
 Introduction

 Delaware

 3-7 December 1787
 7 December 1787  30-0  Map (pdf)
 Essay (pdf)

 Pennsylvania

 20 November - 15 December 1787
 12 December 1787  46-23  Map (pdf)
 Essay (pdf)

 New Jersey

 11-20 December 1787
 18 December 1787  38-0  Map (pdf)
 Essay (pdf)

 Georgia

 25 December 1787 - 5 January 1788
 31 December 1787  26-0  Map (pdf)
 Essay (pdf)

 Connecticut

 3-9 January 1788
 9 January 1788   128-40  Map (pdf)
 Essay (pdf)

 Massachusetts

 9 January - 7 February 1788
 6 February 1788  187-168  Map (pdf)
 Essay (pdf)

 Maryland

 21-29 April 1788
 28 April 1788  63-11  Map (pdf)
 Essay (pdf)

 South Carolina

 12-24 May 1788
 23 May 1788  149-73  Map (pdf)
 Essay (pdf)

 New Hampshire

 13-22 February 1788 (1st session)
 18-21 June 1788 (2nd session)

 21 June 1788  57-47  Map (pdf)
 Coming soon

 Virginia

 2-27 June 1788
 25 June 1787  89-79  Map (pdf)
 Essay (pdf)

 New York

 17 June - 26 July 1788
 26 July 1788  30-27  Map (pdf)
 Essay (pdf)

 North Carolina

 21 July - 4 August 1788
(1st convention)

16-21 November 1789
(2nd convention)

 21 November 1789  194-77  Coming soon  Coming soon

 Rhode Island

 1-6 March 1790 (1st session)
 24-29 May 1790 (2nd session)
 29 May 1790   34-32

 Map (pdf)

 Essay (pdf)