University of Wisconsin–Madison

Celebrations, Toasts, and Riots

As one state after another ratified, Federalists engaged in a wide variety of public events celebrating the Constitution. It was thought that these public celebrations would demonstrate the broad acceptance of the Constitution. Often these events were accompanied by toasts to the Constitution, individuals, the economy, other nations, kings and queens, and even states that had or were expected to ratify. There was also the occasional toast to the frustrations and calamity that Federalists expected to fall upon Antifederalists. Federalist celebrations, or the planning of them, occasionally provoked antifederalists riots.

Celebrations

Toasts

Riots